Chronic Prostatitis and Pelvic Pain Syndrome
How does chronic prostatitis and pelvic pain overlap?
Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis or chronic abacterial prostatitis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in the prostate and the lower urinary tract in men. The prostate gland is located right below the bladder in men. It produces fluid that helps transport sperm.
In chronic abacterial prostatitis the condition is ongoing and not due to a bacterial infection. Often times patients are seen by their urologists and worked up for an infection, but despite treatment, they continue to have stomach and pelvic pain.
Many causes of chronic abacterial prostatitis include nerve irritation, chemical irritation, stress and often a weak and spastic pelvic floor. When the muscles are in constant spasm the pain has little chance of improving as the ureter travels through the pelvic floor muscles.
Some symptoms patients with chronic abacterial prostatitis present with are:
- Urinary urgency painful urination
- burning upon urination, urinary frequency
- difficulty starting urination, weak urinary stream
- frequent need to urinate at night
- low back pain
- painful ejaculation
- pain in the perineum ( the area between anus and scrotum)
- pain in the testicles
- pain in the penis
- pain in the groin
Shrikhande A, Ahmed T, Shrikhande G, Hill C. A Novel, Non-Opiod Based Treatment Approach to Men with Urologic Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (UCPPS) Using Ultrasound Guided Nerve Hydrodissection and Pelvic Floor Musculature Trigger Point Injections. The International Continence Society. 2018 Aug. Link to Article.